The Douro Valley has a route which highlights six of its wine-producing villages (Aldeias Vinhateiras) for visitors to this UNESCO World Heritage region they are:
Provosende, Favaios, Trevões, Barcos, Salzedas & Ucanha.
Each of the wine villages has strong ties to the Alto Douro wine region and has something to offer in terms of culture and tradition. Many buildings have been restored and museums created, giving you an insight into Portuguese history and rural lifestyles both past and present.
Among the Douro wine villages, you’ll find the remains of Iron Age settlements; Roman roads and bridges, Romanesque churches, Cistercian monasteries, and 17th century palaces. Age old traditions, handicrafts, well-established wine estates (quintas) and some incredible scenery create a truly unique destination.
This is the closest Douro wine village to Pinhão, one of the major stops for boats and trains along the Douro river. Life in Provesende can be traced at least as far back as the Iron Age; if you follow the steep track to the schist chapel at Picoto de São Domingo, you’ll find remains of the settlement. If that doesn’t impress you, the 360º view will.
The village itself has a surprising number of grand manor houses decorated with stone coats of arms. These stately homes are interspersed with picturesque cottages built from local schist stones and surrounded by flowers. Don’t get over-excited; this isn’t the prettiest village in Portugal by a long shot but it’s pleasant and even charming in parts.
The main square is dominated by a double-spouted granite fountain and is backed by the rolling Douro hillsides. If the bakery is open, it’s worth popping in. Nothing much has changed since it was established in 1940 and you might get lucky and see the local bread (pão) or meat cake (bolo de carne) being prepared and cooked in a traditional wood-fired oven. If not, you can just buy some to taste.
The bar on the square, Café Arado, is one of the most quirky combinations of museum and craft shop which is crammed with labelled farming tools and odd sculptures.
You can, if you’re feeling very fit, walk from Pinhão to Provosende following a marked trail but be warned, it’s incredibly steep. I’d be more inclined to take a taxi uphill and walk down.
Just outside Alijó, you’ll find Favaios, another village that stems from an Iron Age settlement. Vilarelho Castro is the largest of these settlements in the area. To visit it, drive along the football field road then walk along the track for another kilometre.
Favaios is known for its moscatel wine and you can find out how it’s made and what it tastes like by visiting the Adega Cooperativa (cooperative winery). Standard visits are free and they have special programmes during the grape harvest in September and October.
The village’s other traditional product is the distinctive four-cornered bread which you can learn all about and even have a go at kneading at the excellent Bread and Wine Museum. As you might have guessed from the name, the museum also explains more about the local moscatel wine, which you also get to taste.
On Rua das Padarias, near the main church, you’ll find several bakeries where you can buy freshly baked four-cornered loaves. One of the most renowned belongs to the indomitable Manuela Barriguda and is open late on Tuesdays and Fridays whereas the others only open in the morning. Carry on up this street towards the Santa Bárbara viewpoint.
For vineyard tours and wine tastings near Favaios, you could try Quinta da Avessada. Just follow the signs.
Trevões is a bit further out than the other Douro valley wine villages and was selected because of its impressive collection of historical architecture, as well as its wine and scenery. Being on a plateau, it’s got views of the vineyards spreading downhill and forested mountains with granite outcrops above.
The main church was started in the middle ages and given Gothic additions and a pretty ornate wooden ceiling in the 16th and 17th centuries. Trevões also has seven chapels, enough for each of it’s manor houses. If you’re into religious art and jewelry, you might want to check out the Sacred Art museum.
The Museu do Trevões celebrates local traditions and rural life with displays of kitchen, household and agricultural tools and objects. There’s a cosy little bar on the upper floor, too.
As well as the spectacular views over the Douro vineyards and hills, the medieval village of Barcos has some buildings of interest, several relating to its former status as seat of the key judicial and parochial powers in the Sabroso municipality.
Notable buildings from this era are the former city hall and a prison for both men and women in the main village square. Death sentences were carried out in Mata da Forca (Gallows Woods) on the eastern edge of the village. Just off the square, at the end of Rua da Fonte Velha, is the old fountain the street is named after and Casa da Roda dos Expostos which used to take in abandoned children.
Look out for the communal laundry where you may still find local women scrubbing their sheets at stone wash basins and catching up on gossip.
The parish church is thought to be of Saracen construction dating back to the 8th century. The nearby Capela da Santa Bárbara is home to the exposed remains of Maria Adelaide de Sá Meneses, a local woman who, despite not leading a particularly pious life, has been raised to the status of a saint in local lore.
Her perfectly preserved body was found in 1916 after being buried in a lead casket for 38 years. Locals swear that her hair and nails are still growing. More curiously, she is said to have had an aversion to shoes and the colour black and for some reason, local brides donate their wedding dresses to her.
Tip: The other two Douro wine villages, Ucanha and Salzedas are very close to each other, northeast of Tarouca, where there is a wonderful monastery church. If you’re planning to visit Murganheira sparkling wine cellars, you could combine it with a look around one or both of these wine villages.
As you enter the village, turn right before you get to the monastery so you can enjoy the view from Miradouro da Senhora da Piedade before you explore Salzedas monastery and the peculiar architecture of the Jewish quarter.
The main draw of this wine village is its Cisterian monastery, started in 1168 but never completely finished as you’ll notice from the absence of towers. You can still see some of the original stonework under the later additions if you walk down the sides of the church. It’s simple yet beautiful with stained glass windows and high vaulted ceilings.
Following the state abolition of monasteries and convents in 1834, the building was abandoned and left to ruin until fairly recently. After nine years of restoration work, Santa Maria de Salezadas Monastery reopened to the public in 2011. It’s used for services, as you’ll see from the personalized cushions in the pews.
While the church is free to enter, you’ll need to pay 3 euros to see the monastery, except on Sunday mornings. It’s closed Mondays and Tuesday mornings, the first weekend of the month, national holidays and September 29th. Other than that, opening times are from 9.30 to 1 pm and 14.30 to 6 pm.
Aside from its pretty collection of typical balconied village houses, stone pillary and parish church, the main reason people come to Ucanha is its Roman bridge over the River Varosa. What makes this one so special is the 20 metre tower, added in the 15th century to collect tolls and taxes. If possible, climb up it for views over the village and countryside. If you’re lucky, you might catch one of the medieval reconstructions that take place from time to time with chariots and costumed actors.